Toenail and fingernail fungus is widely prevalent, affecting adults of all ages, and sometimes children. Toenail fungus is the more common.
How could fungus be acquired?
The fungus is microscopic, can’t be seen with the naked eye unless it overgrows.
Bacteria, mold or common fungal types caused this infection in nails.
Microscopic organisms might enter the body through skin injury
Fungus thrives in a warm and wet environment
Individuals who spend the majority of their time in a moist environment where their hand and feet in water are more likely to get infected
Having reduced blood circulation or diabetes increase the risk of being infected with fungus. Also, some families are genetically more likely to be infected with fungus than others.
Wearing artificial nails for long periods of time, or getting nails done at salons that don’t clean their instruments frequently would also increase the risk of developing nail fungus.
Wearing closed-toed shoes for long hours or wearing the same socks repeatedly would also increase the risk of the infection.
How do infected nails look like?
Symptoms of toenail or fingernail fungal infection include:
Broken, thick nails
Discoloration of the nails
Accumulation of debris under the nail
The nails would be lifted and separated from the nail
Whenever these symptoms are noticed, have the doctor examine the nails. A culture might be collected and examined under the microscope to assess whether it is a fungal infection.