Nail fungal infection makes your nail have an abnormal looking, such as yellow color or thicken shape. However, in reality, there are many other reasons why your nail looks different. Let’s look at some examples.
They are common and can be considered normal. It can be caused by skin dryness, low in protein, calcium, iron, or vitamin. It may also be caused by other health conditions such as thyroid disease or diabetes, or developed after chemotherapy. The condition could get worse during pregnancy. A large groove at the center of the nail could be due to nail biting.
They can be simply caused by age. As you get old, the nail can also develop ridges and gap between nail layers. To prevent this, try not to soak the nails in water.
They may be associated with psoriasis (the condition in which skin cells build up rapidly and cause itchiness and dry patches) or other skin problems right around the nail.
Inflammation surrounding the nails
This condition is called paronychia. It is caused by an infection of the skin at cuticles. If the infection has a rapid onset, it may be due to bacteria. If the cuticle is inflamed or irritated repeatedly, it will become a chronic paronychia. You can try to keep the skin dry and avoid water soaking when you have the condition. If the problem continues, you should contact your doctor since it can lead to more severe infection.
Chronic nail trauma such as repeated athletic movement (sudden stop and start and kicking) or smashing your nail in the door can cause damage to nails that looks almost like nail fungus. Some traumas could cause permanent changes in your nails.